Reproducing Figures and Tables
Reproducing happens when you copy or recreate a photo, image, chart, graph, or table that is not your original creation. If you reproduce one of these works in your assignment, you must create a note (or "caption") underneath the photo, image, chart, graph, or table to show where you found it. If you do not refer to it anywhere else in your assignment, you do not have to include the citation for this source in a Works Cited list.
Citing Information From a Photo, Image, Chart, Graph, or Table
If you refer to information from the photo, image, chart, graph, or table but do not reproduce it in your paper, create a citation both in-text and on your Works Cited list.
If the information is part of another format, for example a book, magazine article, encyclopedia, etc., cite the work it came from. For example if information came from a table in an article in National Geographic magazine, you would cite the entire magazine article.
The word figure should be abbreviated to Fig. Each figure should be assigned a figure number, starting with number 1 for the first figure used in the assignment. E.g., Fig. 1.
Images may not have a set title. If this is the case give a description of the image where you would normally put the title.
- Figures are any type of graphical illustration other than a table, such as: graphs, charts, maps, drawings, diagrams, and photographs.
- Figures must add to the reader’s understanding of the content of the paper; they should not be added just to provide visual interest. For more information, see section 5.20 of the APA Publication Manual.
- Figures must be used ethically. Copyright laws must be followed; simply citing a source does not make its use copyright compliant. A good rule of thumb: Use figures from ClipArt, Creative Commons, or the library’s rights-cleared image database, Image Quest.
References and Citations:
- You must provide complete citations for figures and tables in your paper and in your reference list.
References with NoodleTools:
- If the figure came from an image database, such as Image Quest, choose Painting, Sculpture, or Photograph from NoodleTools’s citation type drop-down menu.
- If the figure came from within a source like a book, an article, or a web site, choose a citation type that matches the source.
- Figure #
- Should be italicized.
- The number will reflect if it is the first (1), second (2), third (3), etc. figure in the paper.
- In your caption, you should briefly explain what the figure is about and how it connects to the content of the paper. The caption information should allow the figure to stand alone.
- Rasmussen College allows you to insert the words Taken from: followed by a copy of your reference item entry from NoodleTools. No hanging indent is needed.
- APA suggests that you use its official copyright permission wording based on type of source used. The wording switches the normal order of a reference item entry. See Section 2.12 of the Publication Manual if you choose to use this method.
- Copyright date and the name of copyright holder, if available.
- Figure numbers are used in the text to refer to and explain the presence of the figures.
- The citation style used for Figure 1 and 2 is what Rasmussen allows, rather than what APA suggests. The citation for Figure 1 is from an image database; the citation for Figure 2 is from a web site.
- The citations are identical to the reference list item for the figure (or the figure’s source).
For more information, you can view the Citing Tables, Graphs, and Images page of the APA Guide below.