Essay About Sri Lanka Independence Day

National Day

National Holiday in Sri Lanka

When is Sri Lankan National Day?

How long until National Day?
This holiday next takes place in 327 Days.
Dates of National Day
2019MondayFebruary 4th
2018SundayFebruary 4th
2017SaturdayFebruary 4th
2016ThursdayFebruary 4th
2015WednesdayFebruary 4th
1 Day
Marks independence from British rule on 4 February 1948

This holiday is always celebrated on 4 February.

Also known as Independence Day, it is Sri Lanka's National Day.

The holiday primarily celebrates Sri Lanka's independence from British rule on 4 February 1948, but is a day to remember Sri Lanka's struggle for independence from various regimes.

History of Sri Lankan National Day

When Europeans first started arriving in the region for trade and imperial expansion, Sri Lanka was an attractive acquisition given its location and geography.

The Portuguese were the first to make a serious attempt at colonisation in the 16th century. About a century later, the island was coveted by the Dutch, leading to clashes between the Portuguese and Dutch.

Eventually, given their power base in the region and fearing the island could fall under French control, the British took control of the coastal areas in 1796, naming it Ceylon. By 1815 they were the first colonial power to control the whole island.

On 4 February 1948, British Ceylon was granted independence as Ceylon and became a dominion within the British Empire. Don Stephen Senanayake became its first Prime Minister. 

In 1972 Ceylon changed its name to Sri Lanka, and became a republic within the commonwealth..

How is Sri Lankan National Day Celebrated?

Sri Lankan National Day is celebrated with official ceremonies, and military parades. The main celebrations take place in the largest city, Colombo, where the President hoists the national flag and delivers a speech which is nationally televised.

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Observed bySri Lanka
SignificanceThe day in 1948 that the Ceylon became an independent country from United Kingdom
Date4 February
Next time4 February 2019 (2019-02-04)

Sri Lanka's Independence Day is celebrated on 4th of February to commemorate its internal political independence from British rule on that day in 1948. The day is a national holiday in Sri Lanka. It is celebrated all over the country through flag-hoisting ceremony, dances, parades and performances. Usually, the main celebration takes place in Colombo, where the President raises the national flag and delivers a nationally televised speech.

Many national struggles were made in the history of Sri Lanka. And on the independence day all of these are remembered and celebrated. But the independence movement against the British is especially recalled.

In the President's speech, he highlights the achievements of the government during the past year, raises important issues and gives a call for further development. The President also pays tribute to the national heroes of Sri Lanka, observes two minutes of silence in their memory, challenges and vows to eradicate separatism. A great military parade is also made. In recent years it show cases the power of the army, navy, air force, police and the civil defense force, and the commitment, bravery, national unity and determination to achieve peace is recollected in the minds of people. Also thanking the people who fought for the country.


There were also singing and performances that showcase national unity and culture. Religious observances are also made in many palaces of worship around the country, wishing for peace and prosperity for the country, people and the tri-forces. The national media also tries to promote ideas such as bravery, confidence, dedication, national unity, patriotism, nationalism, peace, national responsibility and awareness of national history in the minds of people.

Traditionally the Sri Lanka Navy accords a 25 gun salute to the nation from the ceremonial naval gun battery at the Colombo Lighthouse.

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